2014 Winter Project Week:NonlinearTransforms

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Key Investigators

  • Isomics: Alex Yarmarkovich
  • Queen's University: Andras Lasso


Project Description

Objective

  • Identify use scenarios for nonlinear transform.
  • Need to copy-harden Volumes/Models.
  • Need to harden to a specified parent.
  • How to insure that all modules use transformed volumes/models.

Approach, Plan

Progress

  • Functionality was reviewed and approved for integration in Slicer.
  • The following bugs/enhancements have been suggested:
    • hardening and reslice should set bg pixel to min value of the volume.
    • fiducials/markup do not transform the same way under linear and non-linear transforms, investigate.
    • need non-linear transform widget that selects a reference volume
  • Suggestions for the future work:
    • investigate volume rendering with non-linear transforms
    • add copy volumes/models/markup in the Data module to cache the hardening volumes
    • API for transformable GetTaransformedData() that cashes transformed data to World (Andras will write a proposal)
    • integrate grid visualization extension in Transforms module

Discussion

  • It should work correctly for all basic Slicer data types: volumes (all kinds, check labelmap and make sure nearest neighbor interpolation is used), models, markups, ROI (the box shape has to be preserved, so the bounding box of the transformed corner points could be used as new corner points), annotations, ruler (transform the endpoints only, no need to warp the line)
  • Add some information about non-linear transforms to the Transforms module GUI. Even something as simple as showing the non-linear transforms in the module selector would help and then if the user selects it, it would just show the transform's type and maybe also some basic parameters (extent, number of points, etc.). In the long term, the transform visualizer module could be used to show the transform in 2D and 3D views.
  • It is necessary to be able to specify output volume origin, spacing, direction, and extent. In some cases some reasonable default value can be computed or the creator of the transform (e.g., a registration algorithm) can set this information in the transform. In the future it will have to be accessible to the user (set the values similarly as in the Volume node and also allow them to copy the info from a chosen volume)
  • For some cases (e.g., interactive image warping in a slice viewer) it is preferable to let modules access the original volume and the transform (as it is done currently for linear transforms), but for other cases (such as volume rendering, CLI execution, labelmap statistics, etc.) the full volume in world coordinate system is needed. As computing a full transformed volume can take a long time (1 minute or even longer), it is not convenient to recompute it each time a module needs the deformed volume. Proposed solution:
    • Add a coordinate system parameter (CoordinateSystem enum: COORD_OBJECT, COORD_WORLD) to all spatial data accessor methods in the MRML node
      • vtkImageData* vtkMRMLVolumeNodeGetImageData() => vtkImageData* vtkMRMLVolumeNodeGetImageData(CoordinateSystem coord=COORD_OBJECT)
      • vtkPolyData* GetPolyData() => vtkPolyData* GetPolyData(CoordinateSystem coord=COORD_OBJECT)
      • ...
    • If COORD_OBJECT is passed (default) then the original, non-warped data is returned. If COORD_WORLD is passed as a parameter, then the warped data is returned. Other frequently used coordinate systems can be defined as well.
    • The version of the data returned on COORD_OBJECT is the original one, which is also stored on disk, and it is not changed when the ParentTransformNode is changed.
    • The version that is returned on COORD_WORLD is not stored on disk, but kept in memory (stored in the MRML node) and returned whenever it is needed. If some other objects keep a reference to the data object that was returned on COORD_WORLD (reference count>1) then when the ParentTransformNode is changed then the warped data is updated as well.