DBP2:Harvard

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Overview of Harvard DBP 2

Velocardiofacial Syndrome (VCFS) as a Genetic Model for Schizophrenia

VCFS is a genetic disorder characterized by a deletion of a small piece of chromosome-22. The features of this syndrome include deficits in neurological psychomotor and perceptual skills, as well as in cognitive domains such as learning and memory. Most importantly, up to 30% of VCFS patients develop schizophrenia, making it the most commonly known single risk factor for the development of psychosis and a unique model for studying neurodevelopmental changes leading to psychotic deficits. We plan to collect new, high resolution DTI, structural and fMRI data, and apply existing NAMIC tools, as well as help to develop new tools to investigate the contribution of genetic variation to brain and behavioral/cognitive abnormalities, thus bridging the gap between neuroimaging studies and genetics. The NAMIC community will gain access to de-identified imaging data (new, high resolution structural and diffusion data acquired on the 3T magnet at Brigham and Women’s Hospital). Unlike in schizophrenia, subjects with VCFS have concrete cognitive abnormalities, in addition to a well defined chromosomal abnormality, which, taken together, will make it easier to establish scientific protocols that reveal associated anatomical and functional brain abnormalities in this disorder. Interestingly, some anatomical abnormalities will be shared between VCFS and schizophrenia (e.g., connections within working memory circuits), and some will be not (e.g., sensory and motor paths). Neuropsychological and genetic data will also be collected for each individual as part of separate collaboration between PI and the Children's Hospital("Investigation of Genotype/Phenotype Correlations in Velocardiofacial and DiGeorge Syndromes”) and de-dentified dataset containing neuropsychological tests, clinical evaluations and genetic data will be provided to the PI. The NAMIC project with thus enable the PI to apply NAMIC tools to imaging VCFS data, a genetic disorder that is viewed as a genetically mediated subtype of schizophrenia. To date, there have only been a small number of neuroimaging studies of this disorder and no studies have combined neurocognitive, neuroimaging, and genetic investigations in the same study. Importantly, this research will also increase our understanding of schizophrenia, and will help establish a multimodal research project involving an important collaboration between computer scientists, cognitive neuroscientists, radiologists, psychiatrists, and geneticists. The focus on imaging and genes also affords a new window of opportunity for defining further the new area of “imaging genomics”. More...

Data is provided at the following link: Harvard Data.

Harvard Roadmap Project

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Stochastic Tractography for VCSF

The main goal of this project is to develop end-to-end application that would be used to characterize anatomical connectivity abnormalities in the brain of patients with velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS), and to link this information with deficits in schizophrenia. More...

New: 12/10/2008 official release of the python Slicer 3 stochastic tractography module

New: Collaborative Publication: "Reduced interhemispheric connectivity in schizophrenia-tractography based segmentation of the corpus callosum. Kubicki M, Styner M, Bouix S, Gerig G, Markant D, Smith K, Kikinis R, McCarley RW, Shenton ME. Schizophr Res. 2008 Dec;106(2-3):125-131. Epub 2008 Sep 30.

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Other Harvard-NAMIC Collaboration Projects

LMI / PNL, Brigham & Women's Hospital

Local white matter geometry from diffusion tensor gradients

We are investigating methods for computing local white matter geometrical properties using a differential analysis of diffusion tensor fields. We are also investigating their applications in the context of schizophrenia research.

[Local white matter geometry from diffusion tensor gradients. P. Savadjiev, G. L. Kindlmann, S. Bouix, M. E. Shenton, C-F Westin, NeuroImage 2010. ]

Multi-Tensor Tractography

We are developing a novel framework for performing simultaneous multi-fiber model estimation and tractography. This is a unified framework that allows for using any type of parametric or nonparametric model to perform tractography.

[Neural tractography using an unscented Kalman filter. J. Malcolm, M. E. Shenton and Y. Rathi]

GA Tech

EPI distortion correction using optimal mass transport.

EPI distortion correction using optimal mass transport. (baseline vs. strct t2w). Goal is to use optimal registration for EPI distortion correction in diffusion weigthed scans.

Geodesic Tractography Segmentation

We are currently investigating Cingulum Bundle fractional anisotropy (FA) differences between a population of 12 schizophrenics and 12 normal controls using this new methodology.

[Finsler Tractography for White Matter Connectivity Analysis of the Cingulum Bundle J. Melonakos, V. Mohan, M. Niethammer, K. Smith, M. Kubicki, A. Tannenbaum miccai 2007 ]

Tubular Surface Segmentation Population Study

We are currently investigating Cingulum Bundle white matter properties between a population of schizophrenics and controls using using the Tubular Surface Model.

[Niethammer M., Zach C., Melonakos J., Tannenbaum A. Near-tubular fiber bundle segmentation for diffusion weighted imaging: segmentation through frame reorientation. Neuroimage. 2009 Mar;45(1 Suppl):S123-32. PMID: 19101640. PMCID: PMC2774769. ]

A Coupled Multi-Shape Representation

We are currently using this technique to build an unbiased atlas for segmentation.

[J. Malcolm, Y. Rathi, and A. Tannenbaum. "Label Space: A Multi-Object Shape Representation." In Combinatorial Image Analysis, 2008.]

Shape Analysis of the Caudate

Multiscale shape analysis

[Y. Gao, D. Nain, M. Styner, M. Niethammer, J. J. Levitt, M E Shenton, G Gerig, A. Bobick, A. Tannenbaum. Framework for the Statistical Shape Analysis of Brain Structures using Spherical Wavelets. In preparation for the Insight Journal, February/March 2007]

MIT

Shape Based Segmentation and Registration

We use this segmentation algorithm to process our entire data set.

[A Hierarchical Algorithm for MR Brain Image Parcellation, K. Pohl, S. Bouix, M. Nakamura, T. Rohlfing, R. McCarley, R. Kikinis, W. Grimson, M. E. Shenton, W. Wells, IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, Volume 26, Number 9, Pages 1201-1212, 2007 ]

Groupwise Registration

The goal is to create unbiased atlases throught nonlinear (b-spline) group wise registration.

[S.K. Balci, P. Golland, M.E. Shenton, W.M. Wells III. Free-Form B-spline Deformation Model for Groupwise Registration. In Proceedings of MICCAI 2007 Statistical Registration Workshop: Pair-wise and Group-wise Alignment and Atlas Formation, 23-30, 2007. ]

DTI Fiber Clustering and Fiber Based Analysis

The goal of this project is to provide structural description of the white matter architecture as a partition into coherent fiber bundles and clusters, and to use these bundles for quantitative measurement. We use this method in two ongoing projects- corpus callosum segmentation in chronic schizophrenia sample, and whole brain clustering in sample of first episode psychosis subjects.

[A Method for Clustering White Matter Fiber Tracts; L. O'Donnell, Kubicki M, M. E. Shenton, M. Dreusicke, W. E. L. Grimson, C.-F. Westin, AJNR Volume 27, Number 5 2006 ]

Fiber Tract Modeling, Clustering, and Quantitative Analysis

The goal of this project is to segment and parametrize fiber bundles for more precise group comparison. We use this method to segment and compare between controls and chronic schizophrenia population tracts belonging to inferior semantic processing stream (Inferior Longitudinal fasciculus, Uncinate Fasciculus and Inferior Occipito-Frontal Fasciculus). Manuscript is in preparation.

New: [Findings in Schizophrenia by Tract-Oriented DT-MRI Analysis, M. Maddah, M. Kubicki, W. Wells, C.F. Westin, M.E. Shenton, W.E. Grimson, miccai, Pages 917-924 September, 2008 ]

fMRI clustering

The goal of this project is to use resting state fMRI data and clustering algorythm to detect and separate specific functional brain networks. We are in the process of runing the method on group of chronic schizophrenia and matched control subjects.

UNC

Shape Analysis Framework using SPHARM-PDM

["Shape Abnormalities of Caudate Nucleus in Schizotypal Personality Disorder" has been accepted by Schizophrenia Research. James J. Levitt, Martin Styner, Marc Niethammer, Sylvain Bouix, Min-Seong Koo, Martina M. Voglmaier, Chandlee C. Dickey, Margaret A. Niznikiewicz, Ron Kikinis, Robert, W. McCarley, Martha E. Shenton.]

Utah 1

Diffusion Tensor Image Processing Tools

Testing and use of eddy current correction for our DWI scans.

Utah 2

Population Analysis from Deformable Registration

This project uses non-rigid registration of DTI images to produce a common coordinate system for hypothesis testing of diffusion properties.

Registration Documentation

Documentation of Slicer3 registration modules

This page documents the results of using the various registration methods available in Slicer 3.